June 19 - July 18, 2017
COST: 5100$
GROUP SIZE: 4 -13 persons
DEPOSIT: 1530$


Mongolian Special Bird Watching and Photography Tour
From Siberian Taiga through Mongolian Steppes and High Altai Mountains to the Gobi Desert

Mongolia is one of the hottest birding sites in the East. You can see a variety of birds in different natural habitats during this trip driving through completely different natural landscapes from Siberian taiga forest to the steppes in the country made famous by the Great Chinggis Khaan. Experience these natural habitats found in Mongolia with excellent company and professional guides for watching fantastic bird life and nomadic lifestyle. You will have a great chance to see Mongolian Bird Specialties:
Eastern Marsh Harrier, Upland Buzzard, Pallas' Fish Eagle, Cinereous Vulture, Saker Falcon, Amur Falcon, Black-billed Capercaillie, Altai Snowcock , Daurian Partridge, White-naped Crane, Hooded Crane, Demoiselle Crane, Greater Sand Plover, Oriental Plover, Asian Dowitcher, Relict Gull, Mongolian Gull, Pallas' Sandgrouse, Hill Pigeon, Oriental Turtle Dove, Oriental Cuckoo, Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker, Asian Short-toed Lark, Mongolian Lark, Citrine Wagtail (calcarata), Chinese Grey Shrike, White-cheeked Starling, Mongolian Ground Jay, Brown Accentor, Mongolian Accentor, Chinese Bush Warbler, Marsh Grassbird, Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler, Oriental Reed Warbler, Thick-billed Warbler, Asian Desert Warbler, White-throated Bushchat, Rufous-backed Redstart, White-winged Redstart, Siberian Rubythroat, Orange-flanked Bluetail, Red-throated Thrush, Reed Parrotbill, Azure Tit, Saxaul Sparrow, White-winged Snowfinch, Small Snowfinch, Asian Rosy Finch, Mongolian Finch, Beautiful Rosefinch, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Pine Bunting, Godlewski's Bunting, Meadow Bunting, Pallas' Reed Bunting, Ochre-rumped Bunting, Yellow-breasted Bunting, Grey-necked Bunting etc… Expect more than 200 species for the trip depending on a season.
However, this trip will require few things, you would be able to:
1. Climb a high mountain and walk long distance at least 3 km per a day but not every day.
2. Be tough enough to drive through Mongolian steppe and Desert steppe in Russian military vehicle.
3. Overnight in tented camps in different habitats.
4. Understand the situation that is not caused by us. (Flood, broken bridge, several days’ rain)
If you think it is long you can take a part of the trip like only southern Mongolia or Eastern Mongolia.
Otherwise please join in birding trips to the south, east and west.



Isabelline Wheatear

Our crew will pick you up at the Chinggis Khaan International airport after your arrival in Ulaanbaatar which is the capital of Mongolia and check in a hotel. You will have a bit rest at the hotel. After lunch (in case you arrive before lunch), will visit Tuul river forest near Ulaanbaatar. We will see Azure Tit, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Azure-winged Magpie, White-crowned Penduline Tit and Ruddy Shelduck. Will have WELCOME DINNER at one of the most famous restaurants in Ulaanbaatar and return to the hotel. Food: Welcome dinner at a restaurant. Road: Total coverage 30 km on paved road (30 minutes’ drive).

Swan Goose

After breakfast, we will head west to get steppe lake (Tsagaan) where we can see Pallas’s Reed Bunting, Asian Dowitcher, Citrine, White and Yellow Wagtails, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Oriental Reed Warbler and White-naped Crane. After that, we will continue driving west to get Ugii lake which is one of the freshwater steppe lakes in Central Mongolia. After few minutes rest, we will start bird watching around the lake. We will see thousands of Swan Geese at south-western end of the lake. We will see Bar-headed Goose, most possibly Pintail, Northern Shoveler, Common Goldeneye, Pochard, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Tern (longipennis), Mongolian Gull, Rock Sparrow and Small Snowfinch etc… This site is the highest opportunity to see Pallas’ Fish Eagle and White-tailed Eagle etc… Food: Tourist ger camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 340 km on paved road (5-6 hours’ drive).

Grey-headed Woodpecker

DAY 3-4. BAT-ULZII (Khangai Mountain Range)
After breakfast, we will drive to the west to get Khangai mountain forest. The road is very rough and will not drive fast. We will get mountain forest with dense larch and poplar forest. In the forest, we will see Black-billed Capercaillie, Siberian Tit, Common and Red-backed Redstart, Common Rosefinch, Dusky Warbler, and Siberian Rubythroat. We will set up our tented camp near forest edge. Food: Field camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on dust road (5-6 hours’ drive).

Steppe Eagle


After breakfast, we will start our long journey to the southern part mountain range to get Bayankhongor town. On the way, we will see mountain steppe species such as Isabelline Wheatear, Blyth’s and Richard’s Pipits, Steppe Eagle and Eurasian Skylark. Because it’s long way to the town, we will stay one night in a tented camp. After we get the town, we will do some birding in willow forest and a high mountain nearby the town. Overnight in a town hotel. Food: Local restaurant – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 200 km on dust road (9-10 hours’ drive).

Relict Gull

After breakfast, we will drive to the south of the town to get one of the largest fresh water lakes in the Gobi. We will see Common Black-headed Gull breeding colony, Pallas’s Gull, Mongolian Gull, Pallas’s Sandgrouse, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, Red-crested Pochard, Caspian and Little Terns, and Kentish and other small plovers. Relict Gulls will be possibly seen. Overnight in a tourist ger camp near the lake. Food: Tourist Ger Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on dust road (3-4 hours’ drive).

Henderson's Ground Jay

Drive down to the valley to reach Orog Lake. In Orog Lake valley, we will see Asian Desert Warbler, Great Grey Shrike, Henderson’s Ground Jay, Crested Lark, Asian Short-toed Lark and Long-legged Buzzard, few waders and waterfowls. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on dust road (3-4 hours’ drive).

Asian Rosy Finch

After breakfast, we will drive to Ikh Bogd Mountain to get high mountain species. We will drive through very bumpy boulder rocks and running small spring. We will watch Grey-headed and Godlewskii’s Buntings, Pied Wheatear, Pied Wheatear (vittata), Black Redstart, Brown Accentor, Barred Warbler, White-winged Snowfinch, Mongolian Finch, Twite, Bearded and Himalayan Vulture, Chukar, Altai Snowcock etc… If mountain road condition is good, we will climb 3600m asl mountain to get high altitude species including Hodgson’s Bushchat, Asian Rosy Finch, White-winged or Gueldenstaedt’s Redstart, Water Pipit. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 30 km on dust road (1-2 hours’ drive).

Isabelline Shrike

After breakfast, we will drive to the south to get Saxaul forest where we will see Great Grey Shrike, Isabelline Shrike, Pallas’s Sandgrouse, Long-legged Buzzard and Saxual Sparrow. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 130 km on dust road (4-5 hours’ drive).

Crested Lark

After breakfast, we will drive to the east of the ger camp to get Khongoryn Els which is a huge sand dune located between a high mountain and vast deset steppe. We will see Saxaul Sparrow, Pallas’s Sandgrouse, Mongolian Ground Jay, Desert Wheatear, Asian Desert Warbler, Great Grey Shrike, Isabelline Shrike and Long-legged Buzzard. Overnight in a tourist ger camp. Food: Tourist Ger Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 80 km on dust road (2-3 hours’ drive).

Himalayan Griffon

DAY 15-16. YOLYN AM (Gobi Altai High Mountains)
Upon arrival in Dalanzadgad town, we will drive straight to the high mountain and check in a tourist ger camp. During these 2 days birding in this birding spot, we will see Mongolian or Kozlov’s Accentor, Brown Accentor, Mongolian Finch, Crag Martin, White-winged Snow Finch, Black Redstart, Saker Falcon, Godlewski’s Bunting, Bearded Vulture, Himalayan Vulture and Beautiful Rosefinch. Overnight in a tourist ger camp. Food: Tourist Ger Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 130 km on paved road (3-4 hour’ drive).

Daurian Redstart

Upon breakfast, we will drive to the airport in Dalanzadgad town to catch the flight to Ulaanbaatar city, which will be around 30 munites’ drive. After landed in Ulaanbaatar city, we will drive straight to the Terelj NP which is the southern end of Siberian boreal forest. We will watch forest and forest steppe birds: Oriental Cuckoo, Hoopoe, Black Woodpecker, Great Tit, Pine Bunting, Red-throated Thrush, Siberian Rubythroat, Siberian Stonechat, Red-flanked Bluetail, Dusky Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Yellow-browed Warbler, Taiga Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher and Eastern Buzzard. Overnight in a tourist ger camp. Food: Restaurant – Breakfast; Tourist Ger Camp – Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 70 km on paved road (2-3 hours’ drive and 1 hour’ flight).

Cinereous Vulture

After breakfast, we will drive to Hustai National Park which is a home for re-introduced Przewalski’s Wild Horse (Equus przewalskii). Interesting birds in the park are Golden Eagle, Steppe Eagle, Cinereous Vulture, Daurian Partridge, Amur Falcon, Eurasian Hobby, Mongolian Lark, Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush and Meadow Bunting. In the park’s comfortable restaurant we will have a dinner with Mongolian cold beer. Overnight in a tourist ger camp. Food: Tourist Ger Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on paved road and 15 km on dust road (3-4 hours’ drive).

Common Tern in front of Mongolian ger/yurt

Today we will arrive in the city for the flight to the Eastern Mongolia. If you have time, we will go shopping. Overnight in a hotel. Food: Restaurant – Breakfast, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 80 km on paved road and 15 km on dust road (2-3 hours’ drive).

Citrine Wagtail

Transfer to the Chinggis Khaan airport to catch flight to Choibalsan. Upon arrival, we will check in a hotel and drive to river woodland and a marshland near the town. You would not expect high standard hotel in this local town. Anyway it will have a hot water shower. We will see Citrine Wagtail (nominate, calcarata –Black backed Citrine Wagtail), Yellow-breasted Bunting, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, Oriental Reed Warbler, Pallas’s Bunting, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Mongolian Gull, and White-naped Cranes. Food: Local restaurant – Breakfast, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 80 km on paved road (2-3 hours’ drive and 1 and half-hour’ flight).

Oriental Plover

After breakfast, we will start our long journey to the easternmost point of Mongolia to get lake Buir. We will camp in open endless steppe. This is a chance to see unique open grassland in the country. On the way, we will see Asian Short-toed Lark, Greater Short-toed Lark, Mongolian Lark, Isabelline Wheatear, Upland Buzzard, Steppe Eagle and possibly Oriental Plover depending on precipitation of the year. Overnight in a tented camp in middle of steppe. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 200 km on dust road and 15 km on dust road (4-5 hours’ drive).

Bean Goose

After breakfast, we will drive to the east and reach Buir lake. We will see Horned Grebe, Little Grebe, several hundreds of Swan Goose, Spot-billed Duck, Wigeon, Pintail, Tufted Pochard, Hen Harrier, Eastern Marsh Harrier, Red-necked Stint, Little and Common Terns, a lots of Pallas’s Bunting, Great Cormorants and Black-faced Buntings. Possibly Relict Gull. Overnight in a tented camp near the lake. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on paved (4-5 hours’ drive).

Grey-headed Lapwing

Drive to Khalkh gol town. We will set up our camp near Khalkh Gol river. We will see Grey-headed Lapwing, Chinese Grey Shrike (used to be breeding), Daurian Jackdaw, Black-faced Bunting, Dusky Warbler, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Azure-winged Magpie, Amur Falcon breeding colony, White-cheeked Starling, possibly Daurian Starling. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 110 km on paved (3-4 hours’ drive).

Japanese Reed Bunting

After breakfast, we will drive to Ikh Tashgai lakes which are saline lakes in the steppe with reed beds. We will spot Northern Reed Parrotbill, Japanese Reed Bunting, Japanese Grassbird, Common Reed Bunting, Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler, possibly Pied Harrier, Siberian Crane, and White-naped Crane. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 120 km on paved (3-4 hours’ drive).

Japanese Quails

After breakfast, we will drive back to Buir lake. We will camp near Buir Lake which is the same Lake we were at 6th day. The same species of birds will be seen including Sand Martin nesting colony, and other waterfowls. On the way to the lake we will see Japanese Quail in large numbers. Overnight in a tented camp. Food: Field Camp – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 150 km on paved (4-5 hours’ drive).

Yellow-breasted Bunting

After breakfast, we will head to Choibalsan town through small lakes where we can try again Relict Gull. After birding around the lakes, we will drive to a Choibalsan town. Overnight in a hotel. Food: Local restaurant – Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner. Road: Total coverage 200 km on paved (5-6 hours’ drive).

Pallas's Grasshopper Warbler

Today we will arrive in the Ulaanbaatar city. Birding for missing species in the marshlands and Tuul river valley near Ulaanbaatar. Overnight in a hotel. Food: Restaurant – Breakfast, Lunch, Farewell Dinner. Road: Total coverage 340 km on paved road (5-6 hours’ drive and 1 and half-hour’ flight).


A transfer to Chinggis Khaan International Airport will be the end of our services in Mongolia.



Bird migration and travel season

Spring migration starts in April and finishes in the middle of June. Late migrants are still on migration by end of June. Autumn migration starts by late July and continues by mid September.  During the spring migration you can see a lot of migrants with wonderful breeding plumage. In autumn, you know most of migrants have winter plumage. However, this is the best time to see the plumage changes from breeding to wintering specially waders.  Many forest species are difficult to see in breeding ground. On migration you can see most of illusive species in the middle of open steppe without any hiding substrates.

July to August is the best time to see breeding birds with fledglings near breeding site. You will have an opportunity to compare ages and sex difference between adult, fledgling and first winter birds. This time of the year is the best for travel in terms of weather condition and cultural activities.     

About trip

Bird and Wildlife watching and photographing travel can be difficult, as long drives and poor road conditions are the rule in Mongolia. Adventure birding and photographing safari requires travelling in long distance to see animals. Therefore we cover long distances crossing the country to visit different sites in different natural zones. Once we get there, we will spend for birding in a day or two days while driving through the sites. This means we will have a lot of driving in order to see spectacular wildlife and specialties and local cultural experience.


Most lodges will have electricity although some of them work off generators with limited times. For the urgent charge of battery and other device we will use a car inverter that converts 12V to 220V. You would ask us beforehand.

Luggage problems

International travelers would consider your luggage’s safe arrival in Mongolia. Due to several reasons of International flight links and flight delay, a luggage very rarely does not come through safely at the time of your arrival. If it happens, your guide, driver and office managers will help you to find your luggage. Sometimes, it costs you some money. However, please note that Mongolica Co.Ltd and its team will not be responsible for any delay of your luggage and any costs that you may incur for luggage retrieval or sending luggage. We will always strive to assist you in any way possible. You should always keep all receipts and documentation, and contact your airline or insurance for reimbursement.


First day or second day you will meet your Mongolian team. They are your guides, cooks, drivers and possible field assistants for the trip. Tour guide will be your tour leader and responsible your trip in Mongolia. He or she will look after you together with other local staff during your trip. Your leader will be a local man/lady who knows place and experienced with such field trip. Please consider you would respect local people including team members. Mongolians respect friends and guests very importantly.


If you travel on a birding and photographing group, please consider a fellow traveler will join in your group. Your fellow travelers will probably come from different countries with different cultures and customs. Some of them will be very old or very young. We would like to ask you to understand various needs and preferences of your group-patience with your fellow travelers. If you would do this, then the benefit of your trip will be for everyone in terms of travel experience and team management. Please you would remember that you have respects and responsibilities to your group including Mongolian team. If you go to a place at a certain time, please remember your group is waiting for you patiently.


29 breakfasts, 29 lunches, 29 dinners

The meals are provided at the booked hotels/lodges in which you are accommodated. Depending on birds and wildlife abundance and occurrence, we will have all meals in the field near destination sites. Due to long drive, road condition and exciting birding and photographing, we will rarely eat our meals very late than expected. You would understand this situation. All meals you have during the trip will be prepared from fresh local products. Please remember your dietary requirement should be confirmed prior to arrival.


We will use 4WD cars in the field depending on your trip requirement. For our true birding tours in remote areas with rough roads, we will use Russian 4WD car for our travel. Japanese 4WD Delica micro bus, Toyota Land Cruiser, and Russian Jeep will be used for our tours. If there is a large group, 2-4 vehicles will be used, and your group will be split up. Our travel roads will have a range of conditions from new to very poor. Mongolia is a dry country specially, in early spring and late autumn. On field roads can be very dusty.  Mongolica’s strict requirement is to drive on dust roads, mountain and muddy valleys less than 60 km/h. Speed is usually 30-50 km/h for your a safety.

Our cars are regularly serviced and follow a strict maintenance schedule. However long travelling days in rough conditions of many of the roads in Mongolia, vehicles can and do breakdowns or tire flat on occasion. If such situations occur, all drivers will maintain the vehicle issues as quickly as possible. We always mind not to disrupt your trip. Your patience is requested if the vehicle you are traveling in happens to encounter a mechanical fault.


Our service is that single travelers should not have to pay more than travels in a group.  However, to travel so our group trips are designed for shared accommodation and do not involve a single supplement. Single travelers joining group trips are paired in twin or multi-share accommodation with someone of the same sex for the duration of the trip. Some of our Independent trips are designed differently and single travelers on these itineraries must pay the single trip price.


Comfortable hotels (6 nts), tourist ger camp (9 nts), and comfortable tented camp (13 nts)


Please note that if you have booked the "My Own Room" option for this tour, you will receive your own single room for all night stops.


Ger is a “tent/yurt in Russian” designed by nomadic people a thousand years ago. We will accommodate in a ger at tourist ger camps. Each ger of local tourist ger camp (Tourist ger camp) has simple furniture consist of a stove, 2-4 beds, mobile table, small wooden chairs, and small board with clothes hooks, thermo-flasks, cups, and towels. While we stay at ger camps, you would share one ger with 2-3 travelers.







Hotel in Ulaanbaatar

A three star hotel Hunnu in which most of our costumers stay in may be booked for your two nights in Ulaanbaatar. For more information, please visit  

For more information, you can visit where you can find most of the hotels located in every provinces of Mongolia.





If you need our help in certain situations, please call to +11-976-70110148 (also you can reach our cell phone 976-88180148, 976-99180148, 976-91000148). If for some reasons you do not receive any answer, please leave a detailed message and contact information, so that you may be answered your call and assisted as soon as possible.


We will bring you with your luggage to the Chniggis Khaan International Airport from your hotel. Your guide, office manager or our assistant will bring you to the airport and help you to check in. For any issues relating to flight delay or any urgent questions, please call us.


Mongolica Local Office

From outside Mongolia: +254 727 208 832

From within Mongolia: 0727 208 832


During the trip, we will move a lot depending on destinations and bird/wildlife. Due to space limitation rules of airlines and vehicle capacity, we would advise you to pack as lightly as possible. Your baggage should be labeled and restricted to one soft compact suitcase, sports bag, or backpack, no larger than 30-40 cm (height) x 30-40cm (width) x 50-60cm (length), maximum 20 kg, plus a day pack. The cost of transporting any luggage beyond these restrictions is the responsibility of the client. Please note, if you are travelling with a large amount of luggage and wish to leave a portion of your luggage at the hotel, this will be possible. It is important to pack clothes for warm days and cool evenings, as well as a warm jacket for early morning. The country is very open so you would bring wind stop light clothes, water proof jacket and light, quick-drying, and other practical clothes for our tour.


Suggested Items:

  • Sun hat

  • Sunglasses

  • Fleece or wool jumper/jacket

  • Windproof/waterproof jacket

  • Small towel and swimwear

  • Shirts/t-shirts, cool and breathable

  • Long-sleeved shirt or sweater for evenings

  • Shorts

  • 2 pairs of long trousers

  • A pair hiking pants/track pants

  • Comfortable mountain hiking shoes

  • Sport sandals

  • Watch or alarm clock

  • Water bottle

  • Purification tablets or filter (bottled water is also available for purchase)

  • Pocketknife

  • Flashlight or Headlamp (with extra batteries and bulbs)

  • Money belt

  • First-aid kit (should contain Lip balm with sunscreen, Aspirin, Ibuprofen , band aids/plasters, tape, anti-histamine, Antiseptic cream, Imodium or similar tablets for mild cases of diarrhea, rehydration powder, insect repellent, extra prescription drugs you may be taking)

  • Hand sanitizer gel/Sanitizer wipes

  • Camera and extra memory card/film

  • Extra batteries and Electricity Plug Adapter

For donation: Notebooks, pens, pencils, pins, flags, pictures, postcards, candy, small souvenirs from your country for local villagers or children.

Optional Items: binoculars, guidebooks, bird songs, reading/writing material, maps etc…


  • Passport (with photocopies)

  • Travel insurance (with photocopies)

  • Airline tickets (with photocopies)

  • Cash or Credit card (only available to get money in Ulaanbaatar city and large towns for personal spending)

  • Pre-departure information and trip details

  • Any entry visas


Laundry facilities are offered by some of our hotels and ger camps in the city, town, and rarely in tourist ger camps for a charge. You would write a list of items for washing. It will be difficult for hotels to have your laundry ready if you arrive in the late afternoon and leave the next morning.


All countries require travelers to have a valid passport (with at least 6 months validity). You will get your visa in your country before your departure.  Please contact to our sales manager or office manager to get detail information on your visa issue.


For practical information on weather, typical costs, visa information, special events and others, please check in detail.


Most of banks and exchange centers in town and city will prepare to exchange EURO and US Dollars (Series 1999 or earlier are not accepted and very difficult to change in Mongolia, because of past forgeries) in to Mongolian Tugrik.



The climate of Mongolia is described to be severe and greatly variable geographically and time wise. Mongolia is far from the world oceans, surrounded by high mountains and highly elevated above the sea level averaging 1.5 km. The climate of Mongolia is characterized by "short dry summer (June to middle of August) and long cold winter (end of November to April) with spring (April to beginning of June) and autumn (end of August to end of October). Summer rainfall seldom exceeds 380 mm in the mountains and is less than 50 mm in the desert areas.

For more updated and regional weather news, please visit And see weather of Ulaanbaatar, Arvaikheer.


Electricity is 220 Volts. Electric plugs types will be two or three rounded pin standard plugs in most parts of the country. While you are staying at hotels or tourist ger camp, you will encounter one of these types of plugs.

This is an electricity inverter which converts car 12 voltages into 110 or 220 voltages with 300 or 500 WATT. We will use these types of inverters (110 and 120) in the tented camps.


The official language is Mongolian. Young people in a town and city can speak English with different levels. At tourist camps most of assistants can speak in English.


Population: 2,929,751 (National Statistical Office of Mongolia, Jun 3, 2014)

Estimate total population in 2050: 4,211,244 (UN Pop Division, 2011)

Annual population growth:  1.5% (World Bank WDI, 2012)

Human Development Index (HDI): Rank108 of 187 ranks (UNDP, 2013)

Life expectancy at birth (men/women): 65/74 years (WHO, 2009)

Net Enrolment Rate in Primary Education: 99% (UNESCO, 2010)

GDP per capita (current $US): 3,673USD (World Bank WDI, 2012)

GDP per capita, PPP (current international $): 5,462$ (World Bank WDI, 2012)

GDP growth (annual): 12.3% (World Bank WDI, 2012)

Proportion of seats held by women in single or lower houses of national parliaments (global ranking): 14.9/90 %/rank (Inter-Parliamentary Union)

Ecological (Deficit) or Reserve: 9.80% (Global Footprint Network, 2008)

For more information:; and


Geographical position: Asiatic continent (41°35'N - 52°09'N and 87°44'E -119°56"E) West to east 2,392 km., North to South 1,259 km

Neighbor Countries: North by Russia and on the east, south, and west by China

Total area: 1,565,000 sq. km (the 19th largest country in terms of area in the world)

The Topography of Mongolia: Consists mainly of a vast plateau with the elevation ranging from 914 to 1,524 meters (m) broken by mountain ranges in the north and west.

Peak of Mongolia: In the Altai Mountain, the Khuiten Peak is 4,267m high above the sea.

Air Temperature: The temperature ranges between -15° and -30°C (-5° and -22°F) in winter and 10° and 26.7°C (50° and 80°F) in summer. Annual mean temperature in Altai, Khangai, Khentei, Khuvsgul mountainous region is lower than - 4°C, and between the mountains and in base of large rivers, the average temperature is lower than -6 to -8°C. In the steppes and desert regions it is lower than 2 C, while in south Gobi, the average temperature is higher than 6°C. The average temperature of 0°C is in Mongolia.

Precipitation: In general, the amount of precipitation in Mongolia is low. Annual mean precipitation is 300-400mm in the Khangai, Khentei and Khuvsgul mountainous regions; 250-300mm in Mongol Altai and forest-steppe zone; 150-250mm in the steppe zone and 50-100mm in the Gobi-Desert.

Mongolian Government Facts:Mongolia has embraced multi-party parliamentary democracy since 1990. The parliament calls itself the State Great Khural and consists of seventy-six deputies. The parliament can veto presidential decrees with a two-thirds majority.

The Economy: On a minimum salary you will collect US$150 a month for full-time work. The Mongolian currency is called the tugrik. Printed in the UK, it smells of mutton after a few months use in Mongolia. The Mongolian Stock Exchange is the smallest in the capitalist world.

Read more: and


Every client is different and therefore spending money requirements will vary. Some travelers like to drink more than others. Some of them like to purchase more souvenirs than most. Please consider your own spending habits.


The local currency in Mongolia is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT).

Exchange rate: 1USD=1678 MNT; 1EUR=2304MNT; GBP=2781 in January 2014. Otherwise please check (See in English). MNT can be obtained locally by changing foreign currency at any bank and local currency exchange centre in Ulaanbaatar city. Your guide will inform you where you can change money throughout the tour. The easiest foreign currency to exchange is the USD, EUR and GBP. Exchange rate for 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 USD will be lower than 50 and 100USD. If you plan to bring cash, please bring foreign currency (EUR, GBP, and USD) with you. In more rural areas, it will be difficult to exchange money. Please do not bring Travelers' cheques to Mongolia. Visa/Master cards are the most widely used in the banks in Ulaanbaatar city. The easiest way to get cash from you card will be in Ulaanbaatar city. You can’t pay any payment in countryside using any credit cards.  Always take more rather than less, as you don't want to spoil the trip by constantly feeling short of funds. Your GUIDE will be the best person to advice on this issue.


Please also make sure you have access to at least an additional $200-300 (or equivalent) as an 'emergency' fund, to be used when circumstances outside our control. This is a rare. But just in case.


Tipping is an expected - though not compulsory - component of your tour and an expression of satisfaction with the persons who have assisted you on your tour. It is one of the most direct ways to give your support to locals in tourism industry. Although it may not be customary for you, it is the considerable significance to the people who will take care of you during the tour. The best method of tipping someone is to discuss with your group member, or decide you and give them by putting their tip into an envelope before you depart. Farewell dinner will be the best practice to give tips to someone telling “Thank you”.


Please note that it will be your full responsibility to consult with your travel or private doctor for up to date medical travel information well before departure.

Please ensure you have all the inoculations recommended by your doctor for travel in Mongolia.  Please also carry a basic travel first-aid kit and hand sanitizers / antibacterial wipes as medical facilities are basic throughout the country. The local tap water is usually drinkable. Just in case please use any water treatment tablets, drops, etc. Good, clean, and inexpensive bottled water is widely available throughout the trip. If you have any health condition that we would aware, you must inform Mongolica team prior to the purchase of the tour, and upon arrival, to the Guide so we can be prepared to help you.

Summer and autumn we do not have any serious disease transmitting insects and animals. In early spring, ticks will be in tall grasses and trees in the steppe. Even you can find it hem from you head and surface of clothes. There is no confirmation of the encephalitis transmitted by ticks in the steppe yet.

Horse flies, midges, and mosquito

Insect eating birds follow insects. It means we will travel in blood sucking insect environment in only limited time in northern and some areas of Central Mongolia near water sources like lakes, marshes. Due to their life cycle these insects will be active only in July and August in Mongolia. Nothing serious blood sucking insects will be in the Steppe, Gobi Desert, and High Mountains. However, we would recommend you the followings;

Bring your own insect repellents:

  • Wear protective clothes against insects such as mosquito hat-nets, gloves etc.

  • Wear long-sleeve shirts and pants.


We would recommend you to bring your sun blockings such as sun glass, sun cream, others. At midday in the steppe and Gobi Desert, air temperature will be sometimes +35+40C. Please consider it. Most time, sunburn will turn a pleasant tour into a painful tour.


You would consider Mongolia is open steppe country. Wind is strong and cool in the evening and early morning. Please bring your wind-proof clothes and lipstick and lip-moister cream and liquids.    


A combination of strong wind and bight sun force you dehydration. So please drink more water in a day.


For the travelers, diarrhea is normal while people travelling overseas. It is easy to get an upset stomach due to a change of water (Mongolian water has high mineral contamination, particularly in the south), climate, food and stress.


Most countries have own national governmental regulations for safety issues of a travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice before departure. We also recommend you to use of a neck wallet or money belt for the safe keeping of your passport, air tickets, credit cards, travelers' cheques, cash and other valuable items. Please leave your jewelleries at home. When travelling on a group trip, please note that your Guide has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the trip itinerary if it is deemed necessary due to safety concerns. Your guide will accompany you on all included activities. During your tour and optional activities, your guide will be always together with you. However, please note that any optional activities you undertake are not part of our planned itinerary, will be your full responsibilities. This case, Mongolica Co. Ltd will not be responsible any loses. Of course we will help you anything possible from our end.  Please use your own good judgment when selecting an activity in your free time. Ulaanbaatar city and local towns are generally safe during the day. But please remember there can be a risk throughout any major city at night like large other cities. Protests and demonstrations in the street are not usual in Mongolia. Protests and demonstrations, local people argues, conflicts and drank people appear in the street please leave the area immediately. Walking through terrain, steep mountains, tall cliffs in high mountains, dense forest and by deep rivers, we recommend you to follow your guide and his/her instructions. Your insurance will cover any injury and loss in these difficult conditions of birding and photographing.  Swimming in the lake and rivers are always at your own risk. We take all prudent measures in relation to your safety.


  • If you walk in the street in Ulaanbaatar city, please leave your passport (It’s better to carry a photocopy of it instead), traveler's cheques, flight tickets and money that you won’t be using in the safe deposit at the hotel reception. This is free of charge to Mongolica clients.

  • Please remember that like in any other city, you should never leave your bags unattended, nor flaunt, cameras, and other own stuff.

  • People are generally friendly, but don’t let people take advantage of you, especially the sales people!

  • People on the street who ask you if you want a souvenir and products, best to avoid these people.

All these instructions will be in the city. In countryside people are friendly, gentle, guest- and aged people- respects, and hospitable.


Please do not take photographs of police stations, military base camp, and local people without their permission. It is better to ask them to take their photos. Please discuss with your guide and  he/she will manage it.


Customers must be able to walk without the aid of another person, climb 3-4 flights of stairs, step on and off rocks and small cliffs, carry their own luggage and walk 3-4 hours a day at a minimum. It means that travelers would have the necessary fitness and mobility to comfortably complete the chosen trip. While your guide will work hard to ensure that all our travelers are catered for equally, it is not their responsibility to help individuals who cannot complete the day's activities unaided. Please take a look the physical rating in this tour in detail information.


  • Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on any tour.  Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some countries but is not acceptable for our customers. Our philosophy of travel is to respect towards everyone in our tour and local people. The exploitation of prostitutes is the contrary to this philosophy. Our guides have the right to expel any member of the group who has got a drug and use prostitutes.

  • Please note all accommodation is not guaranteed, and is subject to change.


Our philosophy of travel, products and services is to travel with less impact on wildlife, environment and local culture and support local communities, businesses and individuals to develop sustainable tourism opportunities in Mongolia. There are few tips for sustainable responsible and sustainable tourism development aspects to all travelers. Please keep in your mind the following tips:

  • Use rechargeable batteries. Mongolians do not have proper disposal facilities.

  • Please ask anyone before taking photographs and send their photographs to them after your arrival in your home. Please ask people if you want to use their photographs for your website, newsletters, and public open access multimedia sources.

  • Please use thrush bin or plastic bags in a car or tourist ger camps.


Thanks to our commitment to responsible tourism, we support the Mongolian Ornithological Society’s activities. The MOS is a non-profit organization and dedicated to bird research, conservation and education in Mongolia ( This NGO one of the active and leading organizations works toward bird research, conservation and education within Mongolia. Mongolica Co.Ltd encourages and financially supports the MOS organizations, souvenirs, students and members’ university and English course tuition fees, publications, poster and journal Ornis Mongolica, and birding and bird watching activities such as National Bird Watchers’ Day, Guide Training, Biodiversity Photograph Contest, Bird Photography Exhibitions, DVD, and Optics etc… Mongolica matches your donations and pays most of administration costs, which means that 100% of each donation goes directly to support their projects. Your donations will be spent for MOS projects recently developed under your acknowledgements:

  • Ornis Mongolica Journal annual printing cost will be 1500USD.

  • Bird and Wildlife Guide Training in 2014-2016 cost will be 2000USD.

  • Bird Conservation Calendar in 2014-2016 cost will be 1600USD.

  • Birds of Mongolia DVD (Part 1: Forest Survivors in 2014), (Part 2: Unlimited Migrants on the Steppe in 2015), (Part 3: Why not Gobi Desert Birds in 2016), (Part 4: Great Migrants in 2017),  (Gilders of High Mountains in 2016) cost will be 800USD for each 1000 copies.

  • All your optic and field equipment donations will be very helpful all new generations of bird/wildlife watchers and photographers.


We would like to hear from you! Your feedback information is very important to us. You will have opportunities to receive a special discount (5%-10%) on the price of your next birding and photographing trips in Mongolia if your feedback is completed within 30 days of finishing your trip. It will be helpful to improve our products and services in the future. Please use feedback form at


Our travel e-newsletter contains travel news, trip information, interesting stories and contests. To avoid missing out on special offers and updates from Mongolica, subscribe it through

Please become Facebook and Twitter friends of the Mongolica in order to read interesting ideas and posts, share your knowledge and experiences, and find your true friends.



If someone needs to contact you while travelling, we recommend that you set up or use a fee email address in case you use official email address (sometimes server of a hotel and ton hotel does not accept your host server due to high filter). If someone wishes to contact you in an emergency while you are on the trip we recommend that you pass Mongolica office manager email address to your friends, family members and close friends. We recommend that family and friends don't try to contact you through phoning hotels en route, as our hotels are subject to change, and our hotel receptions often don't have English speaking staff.





o   6 nights in a reserved hotel

o   13 nights in tented camp near birding sites

o   9 nights in tourist ger camps

o   Transport in the country and terminal transfer

o   All transportations by 4WD, including petrol

o   Full board per day

o   English speaking guide

o   Meals (Breakfast; Lunch; Dinner) and bottled water each day

o   Camel and horse trek

o   Organize city tour and shopping

o   Entrance fees to all National Parks, museums, monasteries and cultural events

o   English speaking guide and bird watching and photographing guide

o   Entrance fee to the protected areas, border permits

o   All camping equipments (tent, kitchen, cooking equipment, cook etc.)

o   Horse and camel trekking and birding

o   Road taxes

o   All expenses with nomadic families

o   Visa support invitation letter if necessary


o   International transportation

o   All types of insurance

o   Visas

o   Departure tax

o   Alcoholic drinks and items of personal nature

o   Binoculars, telescopes and tripods

o   Sleeping bags

o   Extra luggage for international and national flights

o   Optional tours

We cannot warranty:

o   Occasional flight delays or cancellations

o   Poor roads conditions

o   Items of personal nature

0   Adverse weather conditions